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Friday, October 28, 2016

In 1914, newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst mounted a yellow-journalism crusade to demonize the entire genus of cannabis plants. Why? To sell newspapers, of course, but also because he was heavily invested in wood-pulp newsprint, and he wanted to shut down competition from paper made from hemp — a species of cannabis that is a distant cousin to marijuana but produces no high. Hearst simply lumped hemp and marijuana together as the devil’s own product, and he was not subtle about generating public fear of all things cannabis. As Mother Jones reported in 2009, Hearst’s papers ran articles about “reefer-crazed blacks raping white women and playing ‘voodoo satanic’ jazz music.”

Actually, while hemp had been a popular and necessary crop for decades before the crackdown on all cannabis plants, marijuana was largely unknown in America at the time and little used, but its exotic name and unfamiliarity made it an easy target for fearmongers. The next wave of demonization came in 1936 with the release of an exploitation film classic, Reefer Madness. It was originally produced by a church group to warn parents to keep their children in check, lest they smoke pot — a horror that, as the film showed, would drive kids to rape, manslaughter, insanity and suicide.

Then Congress enthusiastically climbed aboard the anti-pot political bandwagon, passing a law that effectively banned the production, sale and consumption of marijuana and by default hemp. Hearst finally got his way, and the production of cannabis in the U.S. was outlawed. Signed by FDR on Aug. 2, 1937, this federal prohibition remains in effect today. Although it has been as ineffectual as Prohibition, the 1919-1933 experiment to stop people from consuming “intoxicating liquors,” this ban, for the most part, continues despite its staggering costs.

Until recent years, prohibitionists had been able to intimidate most reform-minded politicians with the simple threat to brand them as soft on drugs. But finally, with the help of some reform-minded activists and the general public, our politicians are starting to come to their senses on cannabis.

At the state level, 32 states have legalized medical marijuana in some form or another. And Colorado, Washington, Alaska and Oregon have legalized recreational uses of marijuana. While these are huge steps, what is truly remarkable is what has taken place in Congress just in the last year.

Tucked deep in the 2013 Farm Bill was a little amendment introduced by Representatives Jared Polis, a Democrat from Colorado, Earl Blumenauer, a Democrat from Oregon, and Thomas Massie, a Republican from Kentucky. The amendment allows universities, colleges and State Agriculture Departments to grow industrial hemp for research in states that have made it legal to do so. California, Hawaii, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Montana, North Dakota, Oregon, Vermont and West Virginia already have laws on their books to allow for this.

The most recent step forward to come out of Congress was in the last-minute federal spending bill in December. Democratic Rep. Sam Farr and Republican Rep. Dana Rohrbacher, both from California, included a provision in the bill to stop the DEA and DOJ from going after states that legalize medical marijuana. They can no longer conduct raids on licensed marijuana outlets that service patients who use marijuana to treat everything from the side effects of cancer treatments to epileptic seizures. The marijuana farmers are now safe to cultivate the plant, and the patients themselves are now safe from prosecution for possessing it.

Marijuana Policy Project and Vote Hemp are two organizations that are working tirelessly with the public and our lawmakers to change the laws and regulations surrounding cannabis. To learn more about how these groups are making a difference and to help get involved, connect with them at and

To find out more about Jim Hightower, and read features by other Creators Syndicate writers and cartoonists, visit the Creators Web page at

Photo via Wikimedia Commons

  • Billie Erin Walsh

    I have never used any form of cannabis in my life and have no intention of starting now, but I have know many people that did/do. I have no issue with it being legalized for medical use and, in small quantities, for recreational use. In medicine it has been shown to have many great benefits. For recreational use I believe it is less injurious that alcoholic beverages overall. My experience is not extant but I have never seen two people smoking cannabis want to fight or do other stupid stuff that drunks decide to do.

  • Paul Bass

    I’ve never heard of someone smoking a fat one then going home and beating their wife, unlike alcohol!

  • charleo1

    I think to understand the resistance against the legalization of pot, in all it’s uses. Is to understand the opposition is not nearly so much about the possible harmful effects of the substance, either socially, or medically. But, to understand the possession, and distribution of pot, along with drunk driving are among the two most common crimes, where the legal consequences can be great. And so the payoffs to law enforcement, criminal justice/jails, and prison systems, for being collared, are enormous. As has been the harm to the civil Rights of all Americans, in the system’s maniacal, exuberance to prosecute the so called, “war on drugs.” Where no protection from the power of the State has been so sacrosanct, as to be immune.

  • EaglesGlen

    There is a reason DEA classified pot with other dangerous hallucinogens, pot is no good for society and pot consumers are a physical injury danger to themselves and the public at large. Gov is indirectly attempting to increase illegal drug sales (cheaper).

  • Gary Miles

    While I’m for legalized pot, as it’s not the govt’s business what a person put’s in their body (or has surgically removed). I do not partake. It’s none of my business if people do, that simple. The main question I have, where in the Constitution do the Feds have the authority to make such a ban? I do believe it took an Amendment to ban alcohol and another to repeal it. Did the Constitution magically change in the 1930’s?

  • Whatmeworry

    as the general IQ of the US public continues to drop DOPE won’t help

    • Daniel Max Ketter

      Huh? You sound like a doper.

  • Whatmeworry

    as the general IQ of dan ketter continues to drop DOPE won’t help