The answer to that question could be as simple as looking at who enrolls at police academies.
And at who recruits for police academies, and who selects the candidates admitted to police academies.
The police in places like that face a public relations nightmare. Yes, how do you recruit qualified minority applicants into the force? This is a serious question, one that needs to be answered in a systematic way that serves the interests of the public as it exists in these areas.
One possible approach might be an import from South Africa, one involving truth and reconciliation. The police perhaps saying something like we tried our best, but we have failed to serve you properly. Help us to do better by joining us, or words to that effect.
Sometimes a little humility shown by the stronger side can work miracles.
Humility? That’s against the religion of right wingers! Remember how upset they were when Obama “apologized for America?” Being the biggest superpower means never saying you’re sorry EVEN when you really WERE in the wrong. Admitting you made a mistake is a sign of “weakness!”
Yup, that’s what makes the truth and reconciliation approach so radical, but effective.