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Tuesday, October 25, 2016

By Marton Dunai and Ece Toksabay

BICSKE, Hungary/MUGLA, Turkey (Reuters) — Migrants forced from a train in Hungary scuffled with helmeted riot police and some clung to railway tracks on Thursday, as politicians across Europe struggled to respond to public opinion appalled by images of a drowned 3-year-old boy.

France and Germany said European countries must be required to accept their shares of refugees, proposing what would potentially be the biggest change to the continent’s asylum rules since World War II.

Europe’s worst refugee crisis since the Yugoslav wars of the 1990s has strained the European Union’s asylum system to the breaking point, dividing its 28 nations and feeding the rise of right-wing populists.

Hundreds of thousands of refugees from wars in the Middle East, along with economic migrants fleeing poverty in Africa and Asia, have braved the Mediterranean Sea and land routes across the Balkans to reach the European Union. Thousands have died at sea and scores have perished on land.

Nearly all first reach the EU’s southern and eastern edges before pressing on for richer and more generous countries further north and west, above all Germany, which has emphasized its moral duty to accept those fleeing genuine peril.

Accusing some European countries of failing to “assume their moral burdens,” French President Francois Hollande said he had agreed with German Chancellor Angela Merkel on “a permanent and obligatory mechanism” to allocate refugees across the bloc.

“I believe that today what exists is no longer enough,” he said. “So we will need to go further.”

Merkel said Germany was prepared to accept more refugees per capita than its neighbors, but others must do their part with “quotas and rules that are fair and take into account what is possible in each country.”

She also acknowledged that laws requiring refugees to apply for asylum in the first EU country where they arrive were “not working any more.” Germany has caused confusion among its neighbors by announcing it will accept applications from Syrians regardless of where they enter the EU.

Politicians across the continent acknowledged the impact on Thursday of images of a 3-year-old boy in a red T-shirt and tiny sneakers face down in the surf of a Turkish beach, which gave a haunting human face to the tragedy of thousands dead at sea.

“He had a name: Alyan Kurdi. Urgent action required — A Europe-wide mobilization is urgent,” French Prime Minister Manuel Valls said on Twitter.

The boy’s 5-year-old brother Galip and 35-year-old mother Rehan were also among 12 people who died when two boats carrying 23 capsized while trying to reach a Greek island.

‘Let This Be The Last’

His father Abdullah Kurdi, who was rescued barely conscious, collapsed in tears after emerging from a morgue where the bodies were held.

“The things that happened to us here, in the country where we took refuge to escape war in our homeland, we want the whole world to see this,” Abdullah told reporters.

“We want the world’s attention on us, so that they can prevent the same from happening to others. Let this be the last,” he said.

Hungary has emerged as the primary entry point for those reaching the EU overland across the Balkans, and its right-wing government has become one of the most vocal on the continent opposing large-scale immigration.

Thursday brought a days-long stand-off to a pitch as Hungarian authorities who refused to let migrants board trains for Germany for days finally allowed hundreds onto a train bound for the Austrian frontier — only to halt it at Bicske, a town outside Budapest with an immigration registration center.

Hundreds of exhausted people had crammed aboard, clinging to doors and squeezing their children through open carriage windows. When the train was halted, most refused to get off.

Police cleared one carriage, while five more stood at the station in the heat. Fearing detention, some migrants banged on windows chanting “No camp! No camp!”

One group pushed back dozens of riot police guarding a stairwell to fight their way back on board. One family — a man, his wife, and their toddler — made their way along the track next to the train and lay down in protest. It took a dozen riot police wrestling with the man to get them up again.

“We need water,” said a Syrian man still on the train who gave his name as Midu. “Respect the humans in here; no respect for the humans. We want to go to Germany, not here,” he said in English.

Opposing Positions

Hollande’s announcement of an agreement with Merkel on a mandatory system to allocate refugees would transform the asylum rules for the 28-member EU, which operates common frontiers but requires countries to process refugees separately.

The major EU states have taken sharply opposing positions on how far to open their doors, symbolized most prominently by Germany and Britain.

Germany, led strongly on the issue by Merkel, plans to receive 800,000 refugees this year and has budgeted billions in additional welfare spending for them.

“As one of the world’s richest countries, with good infrastructure, a viable welfare state and a solid budget surplus, we are in a position to rise to the occasion,” German Labor and Social Affairs Minister Andrea Nahles said at a briefing ahead of a G20 meeting in Turkey on Thursday.

Britain, by contrast, has set up a program to allow in vulnerable Syrians that has admitted just 216. It has also granted asylum to around 5,000 Syrians who managed to reach British shores since the war began four years ago, but Prime Minister David Cameron has opposed mandatory EU refugee quotas.

“There isn’t a solution to this problem that’s simply about taking people,” he said in televised comments on Thursday.

His hardline stance has come under fire even from within his own Conservative Party: “We cannot be the generation that fails this test of humanity. We must do all we can,” tweeted Conservative member of parliament Nicola Blackwood.

Other EU states are also likely to strongly resist a system that would require them to take in large numbers of refugees.

But Austria’s foreign minister, whose country is also a popular destination for the refugees, backed the quota system idea and called for a greater sense of urgency over the crisis.

“It’s unfathomable that during the financial crisis it was possible to meet all the time and find a common solution, and with this refugee crisis nothing is happening for weeks or months,” Sebastian Kurz told Reuters.

Hungary’s right-wing Prime Minister Viktor Orban described the crisis as a problem for Germany — which had offered to admit the refugees — not for Europe as a whole.

Europeans were “full of fear because they see that the European leaders … are not able to control the situation,” he added.

Lawmakers in Budapest were debating raft of amendments to Hungary’s migration laws that the ruling party said would cut illegal border crossings to “zero.” They provide for holding zones on the country’s southern border with Serbia, where construction crews are completing a 3.5-meter-high fence.

In an opinion piece for Germany’s Frankfurt Allgemeine Zeitung, Orban wrote that his country was being “overrun” with refugees. He noted that most were Muslims, while “Europe and European culture have Christian roots.”

(Additional reporting by Krisztina Than and Sandor Peto; Writing by Matt Robinson and Peter Graff; Editing by Gareth Jones)

Photo: Migrants storm into a train at the Keleti train station in Budapest, Hungary, September 3, 2015 as Hungarian police withdrew from the gates after two days of blocking their entry. REUTERS/Laszlo Balogh

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  • Dominick Vila

    The exodus of refugees from war-torn countries such as Syria, Iraq, and Afghanistan to Europe is the latest in a long history of large human migrations. Most of these refugee did not leave their countries because they did not like their homeland or because they did not enjoy a comfortable life before extreme violence became the norm. They migrated to Europe to save their lives, and most Europeans are well aware of that.
    Hungary is proving to be a bottle neck for those who survive the experience of crossing the Mediterranean in flimsy boats, or cross Turkey, Greece, and the Balkans on their way to Germany and Scandinavian countries in search of peace and prosperity. I think it is important to note that the problems in Hungary are the result of being unable to handle the magnitude of this migratory movement.
    People throughout Europe are demanding action from their governments to provide asylum and help to the refugees, and most EU members have already pledged to receive and help specific percentages of them. I think it is also important to point out that thousands of people in Germany and in other European countries are willing to house refugees in their homes until they find housing and a job to support themselves.
    Another facet of what is going on involves tens of thousands of undocumented migrants from Sub-Saharan countries moving to Europe in search of a better life. Like those escaping violence, the migrants from Black African countries are being cared for, housed, and employed.
    The obvious question is how many migrants is Europe going to be able to absorb? There are limits to how much a developed country can do to help those in need. In the interim, the humanitarian traits exhibited by most Europeans should serve as a model for others to follow.

  • browninghipower

    And why won’t American Media, like National Memo show the image of the drowned toddler? Oh I know why…don’t want to offend the sensibilities of your viewers? What bullshit! Come on Joe and others. Don’t protect our iddy bitty sensibilities, okay?

    • Dominick Vila

      I saw it on foreign TV. It was depressing. Foreign media is much more open to show graphic demonstrations of violence or tragic situations than ours, which results in us often considering tragedies from an abstract perspective.

      • joe schmo

        Why are we in this mess, huh Dominick?…. Why don’t you tell me? Obama the great savior of the world. If you ask me, he fills the shoes of anti-Christ.

        • Dominick Vila

          Are you referring to the ongoing mass migration of people from Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan, and Black African countries. The former are trying to escape violence, including a horrible civil war. The latter are escaping misery. This has nothing to do with anything President Obama has done or not done. What most Americans don’t understand is that most of the events that take place worldwide have more to do with the wishes and circumstances that prevail in other countries than whatever we want or don’t want.

  • Otto Greif

    Camp of the Saints.

  • joe schmo

    Thank you Obama for helping America let down her guard in the ME so that European culture can and is being destroyed by these migrants ‘invading’ their countries. My parents are legal American immigrants from Europe. Merkel and the rest of Europe is going to pay for this massive destruction of Western Civilization…and just think we helped make it happen. At least, one group of Americans realize what is going on in America and the world, for that matter. Hope Trump wins in 2016. If Bernawitz gets into office we are good as cooked.