Geneva (AFP) – Iran and world powers appeared to make modest progress in nuclear talks Friday, with Tehran saying foreign ministers could fly in to Geneva in a fresh bid to clinch a deal.
“Last night we were a long way from foreign ministers coming. Today it has got closer,” Iran’s Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said, according to the ISNA news agency.
Differences however remained.
This third meeting in Geneva since President Hassan Rouhani was elected in June is seen as the biggest hope in years to resolve the decade-old standoff over Iran’s nuclear programme.
Failure might mean Iran resuming the expansion of its atomic activities, Washington and others adding to already painful sanctions, and possible Israeli military action.
At the last gathering two weeks ago foreign ministers including U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry flew to Geneva but three days of intense, high-drama talks failed and they went home empty-handed.
Both sides say they want a deal but getting an accord palatable to hardliners both in the United States and in the Islamic republic — as well as Israel — has proven a daunting task.
According to a draft proposal hammered out on November 9, the United States, Britain, China, France, Russia, and Germany — the P5+1 — want Iran to freeze for six months key parts of its nuclear program.
In return Iran would get minor and, Western officials insist, “reversible” sanctions relief, including unlocking several billion dollars in oil revenues and easing trade restrictions on precious metals and aircraft parts.
This hoped-for “first phase” deal would build trust and ease tensions while Iran and the six powers hammer out a final accord that ends once and for all fears that Tehran will get an atomic bomb.
After Thursday’s sessions Iranian diplomats were downbeat.
But on Friday signals coming out of Tehran appeared to indicate an improvement after only an hour-long meeting between Zarif and the powers’ chief negotiator Catherine Ashton.
“The negotiations are progressing well but we still have differences of opinion over a limited number of issues,” Zarif said on Facebook.
“God willing we will reach a result,” he told Iranian media.
Ashton’s spokesman said that the meeting was “useful”, without giving details.
“We are glad to hear the Iranians are also seeing things in a positive way, but we’ll have to wait and see how things develop in the afternoon,” Michael Mann said.
Russia’s representative at the talks, Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov, said he thought a deal was a “possibility” but added that it “depends on many factors”.