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Friday, October 21, 2016

By Patricia Sheridan, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

His 2010 book, “A Captain’s Duty: Somali Pirates, Navy SEALS and Dangerous Days,” was turned into the film “Captain Phillips,” which earned six Oscar nominations and starred Tom Hanks. Richard Phillips, 58, says having his ship, the Maersk Alabama, hijacked by Somali pirates was the most terrifying situation he had experienced in his 35-year career as a Merchant Marine. Here is a Q&A with Phillips:

Question: Have things changed in regard to protection since your ship was boarded by pirates?

Answer: I think, first of all, everyone became more aware. I don’t think a lot of people realized that piracy is out there, and it’s not a Disney-esque or Johnny Depp-esque type of thing. The Merchant Marines fight piracy all over the world. We fight piracy in the Philippines, the east and west coast of Africa, and the east and west coast of South America.

I think the awareness of the crews has definitely increased. There are security teams on some of the ships. Also there is a coalition of nations — I believe it’s 30-plus nations — that are patrolling that area off the Horn of Africa. I think if you mix all these things together, it has resulted in not a ship taken in the last 20 months. There have been boats taken but not a ship.

Q: Were you prepared to kill them if you had the opportunity?

A: I did anticipate that happening in the situation I was in. There was no empathy. I understand the choice they made. They made a conscious decision to become a pirate, a thug, a criminal and a murderer. They made that decision, and they didn’t care about who got in their way. Their only goal was to obtain money. Anytime money is your main focus, I think we all come to problems.

(There is) very little opportunity in Somalia. It’s a country that hasn’t been under any type of control or government in 25 years, much like Afghanistan. So I understand the choice they made and the conditions they were living under, but they still made a conscious decision that was wrong. During the incident, I thought it was important to be adversaries, so we all realized what side each one was on. They made it evidently clear to me in their actions and in what they did and said, and I tried to make that evident to them.

Q: You have said you recognized the leader was completely determined and not turning back.

A: Oh, no. I think that was one of the scenes the movie got right, when they are on the bridge. At the time it was just him. It wasn’t all four of them. But in his eyes you could see the malevolence and the evil and the commitment. I knew he wasn’t going to give up. He made that completely clear. He was as determined and committed as much as I was.

Q: He ended up in prison. Did he ever try to reach out to you once he was convicted and sentenced?

A: I hope he wouldn’t have access to a phone or my phone number, but, no, he never did. And I am not interested in talking to him. We said everything we had to say in that lifeboat, I believe. So I have nothing to say to him. He made that decision. He will suffer the repercussions of his decision, and I think that’s important. Hopefully, he will have learned from it when he does get out. I believe he got 32 years. And hopefully when he does get out, they will send him back to Somalia.

Q: In the movie he keeps saying, “It’s going to be OK.” Did he really do that?

A: When he first walked in the bridge, he fired twice from the port bridge and got up there very quick — quicker than I expected — and he fired twice (more) in the air. Those were about the only shots he fired there during the incident on the ship. He walked in leveling the gun at us, my third mate and my (able seaman) and said, “Relax, Captain, relax. Just business. No al-Qaida. Just business. Relax.”

Q: Did you suffer any post-traumatic stress disorder?