Washington (AFP) – The United States was spared the ignominy of a disastrous debt default Wednesday when Congress passed a bill extending the nation’s borrowing authority and ending a two-week government shutdown.
After weeks of tumultuous debate, the measure passed first with less than two hours to run until October 17, the date from which the Treasury had warned it might not be able to pay its bills.
The last-gasp plan will stave off the most pressing crisis by extending the U.S. Treasury’s borrowing authority until February 7.
Lawmakers also reached agreement on re-opening shuttered federal agencies, bringing hundreds of thousands of furloughed employees back to work and funding government through January 15.
Even before the acrimonious battle reached its finish with the House vote, President Barack Obama said he would sign the bill “immediately” as he sought to heal the wounds caused by the showdown.
But he also warned that Washington must stop governing by crisis.
U.S. leaders needed to “earn back” the trust of the American people in the aftermath of the crisis, Obama said.
“We’ll begin reopening our government immediately, and we can begin to lift this cloud of uncertainty and unease from our businesses and from the American people.”
The administration’s budget director Sylvia Burwell said “employees should expect to return to work in the morning.”
With a bitterly divided Congress locked in stalemate for a month, Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid worked behind closed doors with his Republican rival Senator Mitch McConnell to craft the compromise that had eluded Washington.
“The bipartisan senate rose to the occasion and broke this deadlock,” number two Senate Democrat Dick Durbin said.
The mood from many House Republicans was a begrudging acceptance of a deal many of them felt failed to address their desire to rein in outsized federal spending and roll back the president’s health care law known as “Obamacare.”
House Budget chairman Paul Ryan, who voted against the bill, called it a “missed opportunity.”
“Today’s legislation won’t help us reduce our fast-growing debt,” he said. “In my judgment, this isn’t a breakthrough. We’re just kicking the can down the road.”
While the deal was welcomed on Wall Street, with the Dow Jones Industrial Average and the broader S&P 500 index up almost 1.4 percent, the signs of a close-to-humiliating, last-minute bid to avert possible global economic turmoil were plain to see.
The International Monetary Fund’s managing director Christine Lagarde, who over the past week had pleaded with U.S. lawmakers to come to their senses, praised them for taking the “necessary step” of lifting the debt ceiling.
“Looking forward, it will be essential to reduce uncertainty surrounding the conduct of fiscal policy by raising the debt limit in a more durable manner,” she said.
After the agreement was unveiled, House speaker John Boehner bowed to the inevitable and admitted there were “no reasons” to vote against the bill, while maintaining that Republicans didn’t like its terms.