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Monday, October 24, 2016

A determined young woman is graduating this month from Howard University with dreams of attending law school. Her LinkedIn page attests to a life of both making and seizing opportunities, from serving as a House of Representatives page while in high school, to working at a fashion firm, a law office and the White House.

All of this would have seemed farfetched 10 years ago when 12-year-old Talitha Halley of New Orleans saw Hurricane Katrina wipe out her home and community, spent an awful week in the Superdome, and ended up on a bus to Houston with her mother and older sister.

The high school in their new Houston neighborhood, Sharpstown, was 96 percent minority. More than 8 in 10 students were eligible for a free or reduced-price lunch. It had a gang problem and a dropout problem. Only about a third of freshmen were making it to their senior years — putting Sharpstown in the top ranks of 1,700 “dropout factories” that Johns Hopkins researchers identified in 2007 for a national Associated Press study. Sharpstown went on to star in the 2012 film Dropout Nation on PBS’ Frontline.

But Halley had a loving, encouraging mother and Sharpstown had Communities in Schools, a dropout prevention group that puts people inside schools to link students with whatever they need — “whether it’s food, school supplies, health care, counseling, academic assistance, or a positive role model.” Halley joined a support group it sponsored for teenage Katrina refugees, applied to be a House page, visited Howard and vowed to go there, and inspired many friends and mentors and to help her achieve her dreams. As the first in her family to earn a college degree, The Washington Post reported that she is graduating with only $15,000 in debt on a $200,000 education.

Freddie Gray lived in a Baltimore neighborhood plagued by similar problems, but his trajectory was very different. He fell four grades behind in reading. He dropped out of high school. He was arrested many times, mostly on drug-related charges. And then he died after sustaining a fatal injury while in police custody.

Why wasn’t Gray more like Halley? It’s a haunting question. The easy answer is just that he wasn’t motivated enough, just didn’t try hard enough. Look further, though, and Gray was up against a deck so stacked that it likely would have crushed anyone, even Halley. His mother was an illiterate heroin addict, and he spent his early childhood in houses with peeling lead paint. His lead levels were so alarming as an infant and toddler that his family sued one of its landlords. He and his two sisters began getting monthly “lead checks” as part of a settlement in 2010.

The National Institutes of Health lists a devastating array of symptoms and long-term complications from lead poisoning. They include aggressive behavior, irritability, low appetite and energy, behavior or attention problems, failure at school, reduced IQ and — in young children — loss of previous developmental skills. “The younger the child, the more harmful lead can be,” NIH warns.

Did Gray’s lead settlement make him dependent and rob him of his will to get ahead? Or was he permanently damaged long before that in ways that make it very difficult to succeed? Where was the government when the Gray family’s landlords were letting paint poison their tenants? Where were the home visits that might have picked up on the situation, the services that might have prevented such costly harm to children and to society?

There are many people talking these days about fixing poverty, income inequality, mass incarceration, unjust sentencing, and police practices that lead to tragedy. President Obama said recently that his mission in office and “for the rest of my life” will be to make sure minority youths have the chance to achieve their dreams. Republican presidential candidates are also in the mix; almost all hewing to the line that government “help” hurts the poor.

The GOP argument ignores history. Government policies, from slavery to Jim Crow, from poll taxes to the mortgage redlining, that kept black people out of good neighborhoods with good schools pretty much put us where we are today. It’s appropriate that the government do all it can to make things right, for as long as it takes.

Furthermore, and this goes for politicians across the board, it’s fine and necessary to help teenagers, prisoners, preschoolers, the working poor, anyone who needs it — but our energy and resources really ought to be concentrated far more than they are on poor children from birth to age 3. They are at increased risk of irreparable damage to their brains, bodies, mental health, and overall potential. Ensuring a good start for the very young should be a priority as high as jobs and education for both parties. As Abigail Adams would say, remember the babies. And remember Freddie Gray.

Follow Jill Lawrence on Twitter @JillDLawrence. To find out more about Jill Lawrence and read features by other Creators Syndicate writers and cartoonists, visit the Creators Syndicate website at 

Photo: Dren Pozhegu via Flickr

  • Dominick Vila

    I suspect that the protests that are taking place nationwide are influenced more by the larger issue of discrimination and abuse of a large segment of our population for over two centuries, than the killing a a black man in Baltimore, Ferguson, NYC, and so many other cities. The latter are manifestations of what should be obvious to everyone: that there are many among us who still share the same values and goals that allowed slave owners to abuse fellow human beings, that while lynchings are no longer in vogue, a more expedient way to control or punish those who look different from the majority of Americans, is alive and well. What is different is not the prejudices that have existed since we became a Republic, but the methods employed by small, but very determined, segment of our population to impose its will on others.
    The big question is, will our elected officials find the courage to correct something that should no longer exist, or will succumb to political imperatives to stay in office?

  • Carolyn1520

    There are many with stories similar to Freddie Gray’s. Not all have been murdered.
    While I hope his murder will be a catalyst for addressing all the issues related to poverty, I feel slightly annoyed about using his name and changing the narrative.
    His name is only known because he was murdered. His story would have been of little interest to most people except for that fact.
    The police officers who inflicted such brutality on this young man should be the focus of in depth profiles. Maybe someone should question what caused them to be lacking in such empathy and humanity and what in their life circumstances caused their aberrant behavior as people sworn to protect and serve the communities they work in.
    I find when victims stories are told and their circumstances paint them as hopeless, there is a tendency to look upon them as less valuable.
    In this instance, the officers have been charged with crimes. They are already looked upon as more valuable because the job is honorable, regardless of how individuals have brought dishonor to it. There is no guarantee they will ever be held accountable for their crimes against this young man. Historically brutality has been resolved with cities paying out large settlements and no one is held accountable and no one takes responsibility and it continues to occur.
    Let’s shine the light and do in depth reports on officers of the law who engage in brutality and inhumanity. Perhaps we can learn something and make better choices before we hand over badges, weapons and virtually no accountability when they choose to abuse that power.

    • Whatmeworry

      I agree.. Time for black parents to start acting like parents rather than being criminals

      • Carolyn1520

        Sorry for ya if that’s how you view this problem.

        • I was beat up and called fatty whitey by colored while growing up in Buffalo

          • Carolyn1520

            So all black parents are criminals because you were picked on by some kids as a child.
            The issue is excessive use of force by police officers.

          • They took my milk money and called me a fat honkey

        • Whatmeworry

          Its 98% of the problem

          • I worship Xenu and W

          • Carolyn1520

            Sorry should have recognized you as a mouth breather .
            I know how pointless it is to respond to one.

          • Whatmeworry

            Just look at the picture that heads the article to see the real knuckle draggers and brain dead welfare queens

          • Check out my picture would I make a good drag queen

          • Just look my picture would I make a good drag queen

        • Its 0.98% of the problem

      • I agree.. Time for white parents to start acting like black parents rather than being criminals

      • It’s FAT dan ketter and UGLY linda rae. Williamsburg village idiot minions.

  • 2ThinkN_Do2

    Well if Lead Paint is part of the story, then this is an even greater part: “In the July 1904 edition of its monthly publication, Sherwin-Williams reported the dangers of paint containing lead.” Once again as with Cigarettes, our Government failed to prevent big business from profiting while poisoning. We didn’t ban it till 1978! and then this statement was made when: “In late 1991, the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services Louis Wade Sullivan called lead the “number one environmental threat to the health of children in the United States.” Almost a century has gone by!! Talk about slow . .

    • johninPCFL

      Yes, big business has owned the American government for much of the last 150 years, dating roughly from the discovery of petroleum and the growth of the oil dynasties. Just before that the big “owners” were the railroad tycoons, but their impact was more local and parochial.

      • hicusdicus

        Where in history has government not been owned by big money? Government can’t function without big money and big money needs government to function. When are people going to recognize that life is an unfair suck-fest?

        That’s the way God intended it to be. Just ask any fire and brimstone preacher.