Smart. Sharp. Funny. Fearless.
Wednesday, October 26, 2016

WASHINGTON — We interrupt this highly partisan and ideological moment with some contrarian news: President Obama is not the only politician who thinks that expanding access to pre-kindergarten is a good investment.

In Alabama, Republican governor Robert Bentley urged a 60-percent increase in preschool funding in his state, with the goal of having a universal preschool system in place within 10 years. “I truly believe by allowing greater access to a voluntary pre-K education,” Bentley declared earlier this month in his State of the State message, “we will change the lives of children in Alabama.” The state Bentley leads is not a notoriously liberal place.

In Michigan, Republican governor Rick Snyder just proposed a large increase in preschool funding — from $109 million this fiscal year to $174 million in 2014 and $239 million in 2015.

Nobody should pretend that the president has found in pre-K education the key that will unlock bipartisanship. Right out of the box, Andrew J. Coulson of the libertarian Cato Institute’s Center for Educational Freedom told The New York Times that Obama’s plan “just doesn’t make any sense” while Rep. John Kline (R-MN), who chairs the House Education and Workforce Committee, sounded a skeptical note in saying the president “needs to explain how this program will be different.”

But by today’s partisan standards, Kline’s comment was remarkably restrained. So it’s worth pausing to wonder if we might slowly be opening an era when Republicans will be feeling a little less pressure to mouth Tea Party attacks on government and more incentive to say that they, too, want to solve problems that concern the vast majority of Americans.

In pushing universal pre-K, Obama made a shrewd choice in both political and policy terms. There are enough studies to show that early-childhood education programs make a real difference, which is why Republicans such as Snyder and Bentley embrace them. And Obama is structuring his initiative to work with the states to build on what many of them are already doing, or would like to do.

This beachhead of cooperation might also serve as a reminder to Republicans that the idea of politics as all ideology, all the time is a relatively recent invention. Education reform was a thoroughly bipartisan cause in the 1980s. Governors such as Democrats Bill Clinton in Arkansas and Richard Riley in South Carolina, and Republican Lamar Alexander in Tennessee teamed up to push for higher standards. Alexander, who is now in the Senate, was willing to raise taxes to finance his education initiatives.

  • My suggestion for all moderate republicans is that they simply pull away and reorganize themselves–as the Republican Party. Also, they they do not, i repeat, *NOT* let themselves become the doormats of the corporate lobby!

    • Replying to Blaze Stryker –

      We all fantasize from time to time…

    • latebloomingrandma

      Problem is–they are already bought and paid for by corporate interests. They have no where else to get their money. They don’t have the grass roots network that the Dems have; they only have rich people.

      • When you say, bought and paid for by corporate interests, are you aware of just how close America came to becoming a nation run by corporations?? Had Romney been elected. Toward the end of his campaign, Romney suggested to a fund raiser attended by corporate CEOs that they should let their employees know what might happen if Obama was reelected – He was suggesting that they use a little “corporate leverage” (aka intimidation) to influence the voting of their employees. So guess what, the Koch Bros., the CEO of GE, the CEO of BofA and several others did just that – they sent letters to their employees telling them that many of them may be laid off if Obama was reelected (if they didn’t vote for Romney).

        Had Romney been elected, can you imagine what would have happened? Romney would have become nothing more than a figurehead for corporations in America to drive through congress every piece of legislation corporations could have come up with to bias all our laws in their favor – a la Citizens United. America would have become the first country on the planet to be literally run by Corporations. Corporate influence in future elections would have certainly greatly expanded, and Americans would have found themselves being “guided” into how they voted by the companies they worked for- not a very nice picture!!!

        • latebloomingrandma

          I know. Romney would have been the perfect tool to get the rest of ALEC’s agenda implemented, and the Plutocracy of America would have been complete. We would have been a different country in a few years, and it would not be pretty.

  • The GOP will not cooperate or try to solve national problems as long as President Obama is in office and as long as the Tea Party controls their agenda. Anything that comes close to solving a problem while the man they love to hate is in office is immediately rejected. Now that they failed to make him a one-term President, the goal has shifted to ensuring Obama cannot govern and his place in history is as dismal as they can make it look. Unfortunately, for the GOP, that is the same course of action they took last year, and one of the most important reasons for their defeat last November.
    Most Americans expect results from our elected officials, not obstructionism and immature behavior. When they ignore proposals such as the Veterans Jobs Act and the Violence Against Women Act they dig their own grave. If anything, the 2014 and 2016 poll results are likely to be much worse for the GOP than 2012, and they have nobody to blame for that but themselves.
    It is not that they don’t know how to help solve problems, the problem is that they don’t want to help solve them.

    • sigrid28

      I am reminded of a famous short story by Herman Melville, entitled “Bartleby, the Scrivener: A Story of Wall Street” (1856). Before Xerox and scanners, when legal documents had to be copied by hand, lawyers hired scriveners to accomplish this stultifying task. At first, Bartleby finishes more work than the narrator’s other two scriveners combined, one an alcoholic who is finished getting anything done by lunch and the other an agitated troublemaker who cannot calm down enough to earn his keep until after lunch. Then, mysteriously, Bartleby refuses to do first one task, then another, and then another, each time saying simply, “I would prefer not to.” This tests the patience of the kindly narrator who tries to accommodate Bartleby by giving him other work, and then tolerates a complete refusal to do any work at all. Here is the analogy to this country’s problem with the Republican party, to which E. J. Dionne refers in this article: “Bartleby is a good worker until he starts to refuse to do his work” (Wikipedia).

      The question the analogy poses is this: Will the American people behave like Bartleby’s perplexed employer? Like the U.S. government with regard to recalcitrant Republicans, the narrator cannot seem to fire Bartleby effectively, as Bartleby just moves into the lawyer’s Manhattan office, where he sets up residence yet still refuses to do any work. When the narrator moves his entire practice elsewhere, Bartleby refuses to leave the vacated office. The narrator’s former landlords hound the Wall Street lawyer to do something with the former scrivener who “would prefer not to.” The lawyer even offers to take Bartleby into his own home, but Bartleby will not accept. He refuses to leave the vacant office where he was once employed until he has to be evicted. Then, Bartleby takes up residence on the stoop of his former office of employment, until he is imprisoned for vagrancy. In prison, the tormented narrator pays for better food for Bartleby, who has refused to eat anything at all and dies of starvation.

      • hilandar1000

        Sigrid, once again I am blown away — this time by your perfect analogy.

    • elw

      They do hate President Obama, but changing Presidents won’t help. What do you think would happen if we had another Clinton as President, this time a woman? The bottom-line is the modern-day Republicans just do not like anyone who is not in exact lockstep with their ideas, and that includes members of their own party. They make a joke of themselves every time they open their mouths and eventually they will drown in their own BS.

      • idamag

        After John McCain’s excuse for not vetting Hagel – They all have to think alike and woe unto any of them who tries to think for himself.

        • neeceoooo

          He is still mad because he lost to Barack

      • The reality is BOTH parties are screwed now days. Not too long ago our leaders were alot like the coyote and sheepdog cartoon, they would fight all day in congress but at the end of the day they would go out and have beers together etc. Now days “it seems since BushGore” we are so divided on both sides that we are slowly destroying ourselves.

        • elw

          I disagree that both sides are equally screwed. The Democratic Party has always been diverse and always will be. It is far from perfect but in comparison to what the GOP has become, it is the best we have and their policies are far better for the average person. In addition, unlike the GOP, they actually pick candidates that are qualified to do the job they are running for. BTW, the problems we are facing today can be traced back to Reagan.

  • jimlscotland

    When Ronald Reagan said “…government is the problem” he doomed millions of Republicans to a non-thinking status. Anyone with a brain knows Reagan was wrong, but the GOP faithful latched onto the phrase, and now that is all that matters – no need to think beyond that awful mind-dulling phrase. Reagan did his party and the country great harm. The next person who uses that phrase or anything close should be locked up for treason.

    • latebloomingrandma

      I agree 100% with your statement. I’ve felt for some time that Reagan did our country a great disservice by this phrase, and I can’t believe how it took hold. I didn’t realize until recently that it was in his inaugural address. In retrospect, I find that appalling and a real downer for a new President. He is essentially saying—I was just elected to be your leader, but the organization I’m leading (the country) is not worthy to be led! (My opinion) Yet, St Reagan was always given the title of Mr. Sunny disposition , optimistic leader. Mr. Small Government who expanded it and was one the great big spenders in a generation. Reagan and Bush II–the biggest spenders, both Republicans. Bizarre.

      • lana ward

        Omuslim has spent more money than all other Presidents combined

        • latebloomingrandma

          Not so, Lana. I realize it’s hard for mental midgets, such as yourself, to keep up.

          • lana ward

            Yes, mental midget, Omuslim has spent more money thanALL other Presidents combined. If you would look it up, you’d know, halfwit!

        • Grandma, she’s been told numerous times that Obama has cut spending faster than any president in office since WWII. Obama has reduced the 10/1/08 to 9/30/09 budget that Bush passed him, which included 1.6 trillion in deficit spending, down to 1.1 trillion in his 10/1/11 to 9/30/12 budget. That’s a 1/2 trillion/year reduction in spending within 3 years. And Obama has reduced deficit spending for 3 straight years – Truman back in the 1940s, right after WWII was the last president to do that – reduce spending for 3 straight years.

          And over the past 30 years, Reagan leads all presidents in spending with his budgets averaging 8.7% increases in spending each year of his 8 years in office. Bush jr. ranks second with an 8.3% increase per year and his Dad runs 3rd with 5.3% increase/year. Clinton averaged 2.7% increases because he acutally ran 3 years of surplus budgets but Obama leads all of them with a negative 1.4% budget increases.

          Thanks Lana for giving me an opportunity to make more people posting here aware of just how disasterous the last 3 GOP presidents have been. Reagan and the two Bushes are responsible for more than 90% of our current 16.4 trillion in debt.

          • lana ward

            Omuslim has spent more money than all other Presidents combined. More people are out of work , more people are on food stamps and his God awful Ocare will destroy millions!!

          • And you’ve been made aware that it’s Republicans that are responsible for all those on food stamps; More than 70% of food stamp users are red state republicans that were thrown onto welfare by their nitwit GOP legislators who cut budgets and services so fast they threw millions onto unemployment and food stamps. And it’s these nitwit GOP legislators that are a lot responsible for why the unemployment rate isn’t closer to 6% – because again, they threw millions onto unemployment with their nitwit cuts to state budgets during a deep recession – even a moron knows that’s not what you do during a recession – cut spending – it’s a no-no!! If you don’t believe that, just look at Europe who tried that nonsense and most countries there are in a double-dip recession.

          • lana ward

            Who is the president, wit??

          • hilandar1000

            Are you at all aware that there are 3 branches of government, and congress is the branch that allocates expenditures? The president cannot act alone to solve the problems of the country.

          • lana ward

            That’s exactly what he is doing. If congress won’t agree with him, he just goes around congress. Omuslim IS acting alone!! He can do anything he wants!!

        • hilandar1000

          Once again, you need to check your facts, Lana.

          • BDC_57

            She does on fox fake news.

          • idamag

            She can’t do that. She is functionally illiterate.

        • idamag

          Lana, the former welfare queen who let us, the taxpayers, support her and her kids until welfare reform kicked her off.

      • plc97477

        he also started the trickle down theory

        • BDC_57

          And you notice it didn’t work.

        • idamag

          But he was a little smarter than what we have today. When it didn’t work he tried something else.

      • idamag

        Yes, he did. He reinforced the paranoids that the they was out to get them and then he made the government the they.

    • nanc35

      I was a lifelong Republican until they put up that grade B movie actor for President. That’s when I began voting Democratic for President, although in prior years I liked both Repub and Dem candidates. I could have easily voted for Jimmy Carter but stayed with Ford. I liked both. I knew though that Reagan would be a disaster and he was. In 2012 I voted a total Democratic ticket and will do so again and again. The Republican Party has lost its mind.

      • jarheadgene

        I can fully relate to you !!! Let’s see an end to the newly rebranded POS-GOP!

    • johninPCFL

      Why is it that the GOP remembers that phrase but forgets the other one he’s famous for: “deficits aren’t a problem”? At the end of Carter’s last budget, the national debt was $400B. When Reagan’s last budget expired, the debt was $4T. And that was during a time when SS contributions exceeded expenditures and well before the drug benefit bill GWB signed.

      • Driving up deficits like Reagan did is a function of his keeping billions in spending outside of his budgets and in averaging 8.7%/year in budget increases each and every year of his 8 years in office…and that was 8.7% of his actual budgets, not counting the billions that were spent outside his budget. And Bush jr. averaged 8.3%/year budget increases, even though more than 30% of his spending was not even in his budget – war costs, tax cut costs, drug benefit giveaway costs, etc. etc. were never included in George’s budgets. Is it any wonder that Reagan and the two Bushes took that 400 billion in deficits that Reagan inherited and drove them up to over 14 trillion??

        • johninPCFL

          Yep. Reagan was by far the most liberal spender until GWB. $1200 toilet seats and $700 hammers, Grenada and Lebanon invasions, all off the books. During the Reagan years, the military was completely off-the-books spending, entirely free!

          Every president until Obama continued the practice. When he submitted an honest budget that included the costs of the military, the GOP began their “tripled the deficit” crap.

    • Right on! The Reagan presidency was a disaster. He was tired, incompetent, lazy, yet charming. It did not take rocket science to recognize his inability to do the job.
      In addition to all his other misdeeds, he emptied the mental institutions into the streets. The patients either swelled the ranks of the homeless or became huge burdens to their families. Thus began the mass killings by those who could get their hands on guns.
      He also dramatically cut educational funding for remedial reading programs at a time when the nation had illiteracy rates of 25%.
      Both actions were totally counter productive and have contributed mightily to the problems we are dealing with today.

      • hilandar1000

        How right you are, Donna! You’ve hit on some facts that are not pointed out nearly enough.

    • Unfortunately, that phrase is not the only disaster Reagan created. He’s also responsible for why America’s healthcare is the most expensive in the world: it’s Reagan that signed the bill that forces healthcare professionals to treat any person who insists that they’re having an emergency medical problem – whether or not they really are having an emergency – to be treated even if they can’t pay for the treatment. Which is a big reason why hospitals and other healthcare professionals charge 4-8 times what the treatment you get really costs, because there are more than 40 million Americans, millions of them who could easily afford health insurance, who have decided to go without insurance knowing they can run to the ER and get treated basically for free – with you, me and millions of other taxpayers paying the bill. And once they’ve gone to the ER, other healthcare professionals like labs and doctors have to continue to treat the scafflows knowing they may well never get paid for their work. So guess what, they jack up their charges to everyone else to make up for the deadbeats that don’t pay – making America’s healthcare the most expensive in the world. Hopefully, Obamacare will bring and end to this travesty and force many who could really afford insurance to buy it, while providing subsidies to those with limited incomes so they too can be covered by insurance – when this happens starting in 2014, charges from healthcare providers should drop along with insurance premiums. (It’s unfortunate that Obamacare was implemented in a such a way that forced insurance companies to provide additional coverages, which has driven up premiums for many, before implementing the part of Obamacare that should bring premiums down.)

      And Reagan’s also the president who started the precident of keeping a large portion of his spending outside of his budget; with George Bush picking up on the practice in spades. Virtually every GOP budget since Reagan started that practice over 30 years ago has been nothing but a sham. Virtually every budget the GOP has passed over the past 30 years has only covered 50-70% of the actual spending their president has done. Bush kept, wars, tax cuts, drug benefit giveaways and numerous other unfunded legislative acts out of his budgets – such that his budgets didn’t include more than 30% of what he was spending. That’s what made it easy for him to run up more than 7 trillion in deficit spending just while he was actually in office (the economic disaster he created resulted in needing another 3 plus trillion for Obama to fix which should really be charged to Bush).

    • duke

      Wow jimscotland, I guess you must be from Scotland where they do not have a constitution that protects freedom of speech. That’s why we had a Revolution against your Limey King George who refused to listen to the people.

      • jimlscotland

        Not even close. It would be like me asking you are you a relative of John Wayne. What a silly person you seem.

        • idamag

          Nah, he wants to be John Wayne.

  • nobsartist

    I like the way republiCONs “solve” problems like they did with health care.

    They destroyed health care in 1982 when raygun passed the health care bill that made “for profit health care” LEGAL. I never heard any dems complain about that and now we have a major expansion of the failed republiCON health care system signed into law by none other than Obama, a “democrat”.

    Some things never change. Just like the 2 parties that are actually the same. And useless.

    • hilandar1000

      You obviously weren’t paying attention. Obama did his best to try to get the “for profit care” out of the medical system. The republicans filibustered and voted “no” to anything he or the democrats proposed. Obama and the democrats still managed to stop some of the worst offenses of the “for profit” medical practices. They did all they could in the present congressional climate of GOP obstructionism.

  • jstsyn

    Congress is instrumental in solving or trying to solve all of America’s ills. Things are the way they are because Congress wants them that way. They have the choice to change things and don’t. They obviously like this mess. It obviously makes them rich.

  • Get rid of two parties to operate after the election. It doesn’t work anymore to have one party in power and the other one makes its accountable and functions as required. What has been proved so far, nothing is done under this system. The candidate who wins, should carry on with his mandate to implement what he won for, without any hindering.

  • Lovefacts

    Cruz is the 21st Century’s Joe McCarthy and like Joe, when he falls it will be because good people have stood up to him.

    However, when it comes to the mess in the Senator and its inability to pass legislation or approve appointments, Senator Reid’s the one I hold responsible and whom I hold in contempt. As a Progressive it pains me to admit that his decisions re the filibuster rules were based upon what’s in the best interest of the country. But rather fear, cowardice, and what’s in the best interest of the Democratic Party when it’s a minority party in the future–as it will one day–ruled.

  • ObozoMustGo

    Happy President’s Day, one and all. In honor of our greatest president, George Washington, below is some wisdom of his given to Congress and the American people from his Farewell Address in 1796.

    Have a nice day!

    “Let me now … warn you in the most solemn manner against the baneful effects of the spirit of party generally.

    “This spirit, unfortunately, is inseparable from our nature, having its root in the strongest passions of the human mind. It exists under different shapes in all governments, more or less stifled, controlled, or repressed; but, in those of the popular form, it is seen in its greatest rankness, and is truly their worst enemy.

    “The alternate domination of one faction over another, sharpened by the spirit of revenge, natural to party dissension, which in different ages and countries has perpetrated the most horrid enormities, is itself a frightful despotism.

    “But this leads at length to a more formal and permanent despotism. The disorders and miseries which result gradually incline the minds of men to seek security and repose in the absolute power of an individual; and sooner or later the chief of some prevailing faction, more able or more fortunate than his competitors, turns this disposition to the purposes of his own elevation, on the ruins of public liberty.”

    – George Washington’s Farewell Address to Congress, 1796 warning us about the dangers of despotism that can result from strong party factions. We now see how he warned us of Obozo and the purpose of his own elevation at the expense of liberty.

    • jarheadgene

      O M G….where have you been as of late? And the reason for your history lesson was ???? Imagine what a DESPOT would have been in office had the BULLY Romney been elected.

      • hilandar1000

        Please just ignore Obozo. He’s obviously off his meds again.

      • idamag

        President George Washington also opposed political parties. He said they would cause division.

  • elw

    The Republican Party started going down-hill while Reagan was President and that down-hill slide has been excellerating as they race with each other for the prize of being the “most” Conservative.

    • You got it!! The president that the GOP immortilizes was actually the worst president of the worst given the enormous debacle that his legacy has created.

      • elw

        Nothing like personally observing history, I watched Reagan make a mess of California and then the Nation. Sad thing is, he was actually not as bad the GOPs current batch of “heros.”

        • Problem is that the “current batch of “heroes”” are as bad as they are because they’re emulating Reagan – he was a terrible example.

          • elw

            How true

  • The title of this article is one of the most ironic of all ironies…now, instead of being the problem-solvers, the GOP are the problem-creators. People know about the 9 Tenets of the GOP…bigotry, hypocrisy, elitism, fascism, greed, corruption, incompetence, arrogance and insanity. Those 9 Tenets can be summed up in one statement: “screw the poor, middle class, elderly, disabled, women and minorities, the wealthy and big corporations need more money and power!” One policy the GOP loves is “nullification”, using the 10th Amendment of the Constitution to “nullify” federal laws in the “Red” states. If the GOP continues to adhere to the 9 Tenets and Nullification, they’re going to “self-nullify”….

    • Andrew, how about adding something like: drunken sailor spending, to your list of Tenets of the GOP. Your list doesn’t paint the picture of a party that has spent us almost into oblivian over the past 30 years. And maybe there’s even another one, the party of Robin Hood in Reverse – steal from the poor and middle class by enacting every possible way to rob the taxpayers blind while stuffing money into the pockets of the rich.

  • Ed

    It is universally recognised, by most reasonable people, that Head Start has been a tremendous success. I realise that the thing most republicans fear most is an educated public. But the country needs this.

    • It’s unfortunate the many Republicans aren’t “reasonable people”.

  • BDC_57

    Until they get the teabaggers out of office the rebuicons will not be problem solvers.

  • when were republicans every problem solvers they are the problem and the sooner we get them out of the house the better this country will be never in my 71 years have i every seen man acting so much like little children, god help us if one get in the white house. they have done nothing for this country but make it harder to live but the rich are doing just fine paying no taxes that right republican keep putting it on the working class and middle class, your all a bunch of nuts a far as i can see,what do you do but set and think and things to do to make are president look bad when it all of you that are the bad guys.just ask americans.

  • sethie pitt

  • bchrista

    Hey people someone ought to take Lana Ward out to the shed and horse whip that he/she asshole, that person is playing each of you, every time you post a comment, that person fires back with some off the wall comment just playing with your mind he/she really needs a good ass whipping for fucking with you in, all the time I have been posting here I have yet to see Lana post a rational comment, not one.

  • bchrista

    I must not be very smart but, will someone tell me what do you need more money when you already have more money than you will be able to spend in your’s and your familys intire life, you can buy anything you want there is no limit what you can’t obtain, yet you still need more, unless maybe there is a thing in place to see who can get the most money in their favor, what else is there?

    • That’s a really good question that should be asked especially of the Sam Walton’s heirs. Sam’s heirs have more money than the lower-income 100 million Americans in this country. Yet, although they’re making billions in profits each year, they insist on running Walmart almost exclusively with part time workers so they don’t have to provide them with benefits – and in fact, they teach their workers how to sign up for welfare benefits knowing that they can’t survive on the salaries they pay them. It’s a little hard for me to understand how people like Sam’s heirs can sleep at night, knowing full well that because they’re so greedy, millions of people that work for their company are being forced to live below the poverty level because Walmart is not willing to pay them a salary they can live on.

      • charleo1

        It was a very good question. And if I could add, an excellent reply.
        Corporations like Wal-Mart will do this to people as long as enough people
        tolerate it. It’s just not bad enough yet. But, it will be. The same is true
        for healthcare. Although ACA is gaining popularity as more are helped.
        Allowed to run it’s course, 50 million now, then 100 million uninsured.
        Then hospitals start turning down patients without insurance. It didn’t
        get to that point. But, sometimes the American public has to be clobbered
        with a two by four, so to speak, before they demand action. And, since
        the U.S. is still a wonderful Country, even with all it’s flaws. When people
        get fed up, and demand it, things can, and do change.

  • bchrista

    Hey OMG long time no hear I must say you stated George Washington beautifuly the only problem is Ole George was referring to the Republican Party they are completely out of it, nothing they do is meant to help the country they swore to protect when they ran for office, they have violated their Oath and everyone of them should be in jail.

    • I challenge any poster on these threads to list for me ONE just One really beneficial thing the GOP has done for America since Teddy Roosevelt was in office aside from Eisenhower overseeing the construction of the interstate highway system. List just one positive thing the GOP has done for this country other that do everything it can to stuff money into the pockets of the rich at every opportunity. Let’s see a list of just one positive thing GOP lovers.

  • darkagesbegin

    It seems obvious to me that if President Obama wants to accomplish anything at all, all he has to do is advocate for the complete opposite of what he wants. If he wants to support gay rights, for example, he should be against it. Then the republicans will believe that they should be for it. If he wants better health care for Americans, he should say he is adamantly opposed to any increase in health care. That will lead republicans to vote for it

    Obviously, republicans don’t have a clue what they are for, only what they are against.

  • neeceoooo

    Did someone out there in lala land tell them that would work

  • neeceoooo

    And yet so many people thing Reagan was such a great president

    • That’s really unfortunate, because by doing so, they encourage the GOP to keep on doing all the rediculous notions that Reagan put into politicians minds.

  • neeceoooo

    I really like your thoughts on healthcare, you have always hit the nail on the head. It is amazing to me the number of people who are able to obtain healthcare through their employer but elect not to. That to me is just plain stupid.

  • hilandar1000

    Lana, Why are you here? Is it because you enjoy an argument? If so, you better give it up — you’re not very good at it. You make ridiculous statements with nothing in the way of facts to back up what you say. Some of your statements are so far into fantasy land, it is difficult to figure out what you might be talking about. Better go study the facts — for a long time, before you try to join an intelligent discussion again.