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EPA Sees Risks to Water, Workers In New York Fracking Rules

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EPA Sees Risks to Water, Workers In New York Fracking Rules


by Joaquin Sapien, ProPublica, Jan. 13, 2012, 3:11 p.m.

New York’s emerging plan to regulate natural gas drilling in the gas-rich Marcellus Shale needs to go further to safeguard drinking water, environmentally sensitive areas and gas industry workers, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has informed state officials.

The EPA’s comments, in a series of letters [1] this week to the state’s Department of Environmental Conservation, are significant because they suggest the agency will be watching closely as states in the Northeast and Midwest embrace new drilling technologies to tap vast reserves of shale gas.

New York is in the forefront of the shale gas boom and has been working on regulations for more than three years. Judith Enck, the EPA regional administrator who issued the agency comments, noted that New York “will help set the pace for improved safeguards across the country.”

The EPA’s comments are among 20,000 the state has received on its proposed plan to regulate the environmental effects of drilling. Many of the EPA’s comments focus on how the state DEC will handle the chemically tainted wastewater from the drilling process known as hydraulic fracturing, or fracking.

To free the gas trapped in the Marcellus and other shale formations, drillers pump millions of gallons of water mixed with sand and chemicals deep underground under pressure. The wastewater can get into drinking water by being disposed of at sewage treatment plants, the EPA wrote.

As ProPublica first reported [2] in 2009, these plants don’t typically have the equipment necessary to detect and treat the chemicals in drilling wastewater. Plant operators who accept drilling wastewater simply dilute it with regular sewage and then discharge it into water bodies. DEC wastewater samples had levels of radioactive elements thousands of times higher than drinking water limits, ProPublica reported [3].

In its comments, the EPA pointed out that New York’s current permitting system for water treatment plants doesn’t include limits on pollutants frequently contained in drilling wastewater, such as radionuclides, which can cause cancer at high levels.

The EPA said it needs to be more closely involved in analyzing and approving any treatment plant’s application to accept drilling wastewater. And while the DEC’s proposed rules suggest limits on radioactive elements such as radium, the EPA said it’s not clear who would be “responsible for addressing the potential health and safety issues” related to radiation exposure.

The EPA also flagged health risks to workers close to wastewater and other potentially radioactive materials, like the large amounts of soil and mud unearthed by drilling. “At a minimum, the human health risks to the site workers from radon and its decay products should be assessed along with the associated treatment technologies such as aeration systems or holding for decay,” the agency wrote.

The EPA raised concerns about the sheer amount of wastewater. To deal with the excess water, the DEC listed a number of out-of-state treatment plants as potential recipients, but the EPA warned that several of the plants probably don’t have the capacity to handle more wastewater.

ProPublica reported [2] that neighboring Pennsylvania became overwhelmed by drilling wastewater after the state embraced the industry. The Monongahela River, which provides drinking water to 350,000 people, became contaminated with drilling salts and minerals.

The EPA letters are the latest in a series of federal moves to tighten oversight of gas drilling. In December, the agency scientifically linked [4] underground water pollution to hydraulic fracturing for the first time. Last August, the EPA announced [5] that it would develop its own rules on wastewater disposal instead of leaving it up to states.

Industry and green groups have split over the DEC’s proposed regulations, with drillers saying they are too restrictive and environmentalists contending they don’t go far enough. Meantime, the EPA has launched a comprehensive review of the environmental impacts of hydrofracking.

In August, DEC Commissioner Joe Martens told ProPublica that he didn’t think there would be much to learn from the EPA study and that the state was far ahead of the federal agency in its response to drilling.


  1. TerryWoods January 17, 2012

    why does`nt the epa insist on treatment plants being built by the drilling companies to teat the waters and remove the contamenants from the waters.they are the ones who make the most money and benefit the most from the fracking process. we the consumers have to pay an pay an they will expect us to be responsible for the clean up of their mess. come on don`t let this lack of responsiblity continue. make them responsible.

  2. dpaano January 17, 2012

    Maybe the government needs to subsidize us for buying bottled water to drink so that we aren’t “accidentally” contaminated by bad tap water!! Terry, I totally agree with you….seems that building water treatment plants near to the drilling sites would be a solution, and think of how many jobs that would create??? You can kill two birds with one stone!!

  3. ABEE BABY January 17, 2012

    This is exactly why the EPA needs to be involved with the fallout of the fracking materials inserted and extracted from the sites of operation. The parties in doing the operations need to be accountable for the disposal and the clean up of any and all problems derived from operations including taking care of the personel invoved.
    And let’s not forget about the earthquake damage that is increasingly becoming so prevalent.

  4. ray4ausa January 17, 2012

    Require any company using fracking as a method of releasing trapped gas is required to supply ANY CLEAN WATER needed for ANY REASON to ANY PERSON, BUSINESS, OR PUBLIC CORPORATION FOR FREE FOR AS LONG AS PEOPLE AFFECTED REQUIRE IT. This should be placed in the drilling contract and has to be enforced for a period of 50 years AFTER all production has stopped. ALL the costs for this will be born by the drilling company AND the company contracting the drilling company. If fracking is so safe let them put their money where their mouth is. All water used in drilling for oil should be required to be CLEANED BEFORE reinjecting. All removed contaminates has to be sequestered in leak proof formations with leak monitoring done for 50 years. This is not designed to “hinder” the oil industry, it is designed to PROTECT OUR LIVES AND THE ENVIROMENT. If they do not want to pay for this then they cannot do it.

  5. ml January 17, 2012

    we live with this in texas, it is crazy!

  6. rustacus21 January 18, 2012

    … Y not just invest in renewable energies? Y not retire fossil fuels, against the will of an arbitrary industry that’s destroying the only planet we have? And invest NOW, as we were planning to do 32 years again, w/the insightful proposal of one President James Carter. The industry & their legislative & executive & judicial lapdogs laughed this great & wise president out of office, w/an unbelievable bank roll, which has kept renewable energies off the grid ever since. Does this make sense or what? In other words, what’s the alternative? Think it thru very carefully, to it’s obvious conclusions, b4 answering…

  7. SandyJ January 19, 2012

    Exactly! I wrote a paper in college about Mr. Carter and was quite surprised at what I learned in my research. He was a “great & wise” president, indeed. Renewable energies would solve so many problems in one fell swoop.

  8. lily January 21, 2012

    Why should our citizens pay the cost of getting potable water made toxic by fracking?


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