By Kathryn Varn, The Miami Herald
MIAMI — Let’s play a game of word association.
Terror or violence or maybe fear instilled by the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, a terrorist group commonly referred to as ISIS.
But one Miami-area woman is trying to remind people that it’s a woman’s name.
Isis Martinez, 38, started a petition on thepetitionsite.com urging the media to refer to the group as ISIL, or the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant, to purge her and other women with her first name of the negative connotation.
“Whenever I was at a public place or a restaurant, there would be TV monitors with tickers at the bottom: ‘ISIS warns,’ ‘ISIS kills,’ ‘ISIS threat,'” she said. “Every word after my name is incredibly negative.”
Until the terror group surfaced, Isis was best known as an ancient Egyptian goddess in mythology.
The petition has gained about 1,800 signatures since Martinez started it in late August, many of them in the last week since it sparked attention from local and national media outlets. On Saturday, in the latest horror, the group beheaded a British aid worker, following the murders of two American journalists.
Martinez and other supporters say ISIS is an inaccurate name and that the media should follow President Barack Obama’s lead in calling the group ISIL.
But the question isn’t one of accuracy as much as transliteration from Arabic to English, said South Miami-based foreign policy analyst Marsha Cohen.
“Everything about the title is somewhat negotiable,” said Cohen, who also taught as an adjunct lecturer at Florida International University for a decade. “It’s dependent upon who is doing the speaking and who is doing the listening.”
It’s tough to translate the group’s Arabic name — al-Dawla al-Islamiya fi Iraq wa al-Sham. Dawla is state, Islamiya is Islamic and Iraq is Iraq. Sham refers to Syria and its bordering countries (other than Iraq). In that case, ISIL would be the more accurate translation.
But, in calling it that, “you’re legitimizing this organization’s claim not only to Iraq and Syria, but to the whole Middle East,” Cohen said.
Her suggestion? Call it DIIS, an acronym formed from the Arabic name. However, she admitted that most media outlets wouldn’t make the switch from English.
Cohen also pointed out that many organizations share in Martinez’s struggle.
The Daily Telegraph wrote about the struggle of a nonprofit organization called the Institute for Science and International Security that refers to itself as ISIS. And the Palm Beach Post reported that developers changed the name of a new condominium going up in West Palm Beach from ISIS Downtown to 3 Thirty Three Downtown.
Many have suggested that Martinez go by her middle name, Teresa. But to her, changing her name would mean letting the terrorists win.
“I can’t rebrand myself,” she said. “This is my heritage.”
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