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By Lalita Clozel, Tribune Washington Bureau

WASHINGTON — The Washington Monument will emerge bruised but not broken for its reopening Monday, when visitors will once again zip up on the elevators of the capital’s tallest attraction.

The 555-foot obelisk has been closed since August 2011, when a magnitude 5.8 earthquake chipped and unsettled some of its granite and marble stones.

Since then, stonemasons have been busily filling cracks with epoxy, relining stone interstices with more than 14,000 feet of mortar, and installing metal cradle anchors to reinforce the stone ribs sustaining the monument’s pyramidion.

The arduous process began soon after the quake, with engineers rappelling from the top of the structure to investigate the damage, stone by stone. Ultimately, 132 chunks of stone were replaced. Fallen chunks of marble were replaced with pieces from the same Maryland quarry that produced some of the monument’s original stones.

Some locals are sure to look back wistfully at the years of repairs, an occasion for the neoclassical-style structure to don stylish scaffolding covered with a blue scrim that glowed at night with lighting from 488 lamps.

The protective structure, designed by New York architect Michael Graves, enveloped the monument for almost a year and was praised for its blocky modernism.

Some say the scars on the monument add to its mystique.

“That stone has been weathered for more than 100 years,” said James Perry, chief of resource management at the National Park Service. It has been “patched and cracked and chipped and hit by lightning…. It’s not meant to be pristine, it’s meant to retain that character.”

Anticipation surrounds the monument’s emergence from the most damaging event in its history. Tourists will be treated to a new exhibit on George Washington’s legacy and the history of the monument’s construction. Park officials estimate that 800,000 people will come through every year.

Half the $15 million repair bill was paid with a donation from David Rubenstein, a founder of the Carlyle Group, a private equity firm.

Photo: Eschipul via Flickr
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