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Dylann Roof, who has been named by law enforcement officials as the suspected shooter at the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Charleston, South Carolina, previously posted a photo on his Facebook page, in which he wore on his jacket the foreign flags of two white supremacist countries in Africa. The governments of each were overthrown by their majority-black populations in the latter half of the 20th century.

The profile photo is dated less than a month ago.

The upper patch on his jacket is the former flag of Apartheid-era South Africa.

The lower patch is the flag of Rhodesia — the land that is now called Zimbabwe — adopted after its leader Ian Smith’s infamous unilateral declaration of independence after the United Kingdom put pressure on the country’s white nationalist regime.

Photo by Mediamodifier from Pixabay

Reprinted with permission from TomDispatch

When it rains, pieces of glass, pottery, and metal rise through the mud in the hills surrounding my Maryland home. The other day, I walked outside barefoot to fetch one of my kid's shoes and a pottery shard stabbed me in the heel. Nursing a minor infection, I wondered how long that fragment dated back.

A neighbor of mine found what he said looked like a cartridge case from an old percussion-cap rifle in his pumpkin patch. He told us that the battle of Monocacy had been fought on these grounds in July 1864, with 1,300 Union and 900 Confederate troops killed or wounded here. The stuff that surfaces in my fields when it storms may or may not be battle artifacts, but it does remind me that the past lingers and that modern America was formed in a civil war.

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