Author Steve Villano’s remarkable new book is Tightrope: Balancing A Life Between Mario Cuomo And My Brother (Heliotrope Books 2017), the true story of his life as an aide to the late New York Governor Mario M. Cuomo and the sibling of a longtime Genovese crime family associate sent to prison for tax evasion. The following is drawn from its pages:
Before all the signs and rumors that special counsel Robert Muellerâs indictments are about to start tumbling down upon Donald Trump and his associates like a ton of bricks, many of us were baffled as to how long the huge target of the criminal investigation involving the Russians could get away with his lunatic, erratic, fanatical behavior, false claims about âfakeâ news, and histrionic attacks on the FBI and every federal law enforcement and intelligence agency.
The clues to Trumpâs bizarre behavior â and the key to the potential torrent of criminal charges against the hollow man and his mendacious minionsâwere right in front of us, in plain sight, and have always been Donald Trumpâs role models and powerful sources of his life lessons: mobsters.Â Unhinged behavior like Trumpâs helped keep Genovese crime family boss Vinnie âThe Chinâ Gigante out of jail for decades, on the theory that he was too crazy to stand trial.
That masquerade worked until members of Robert Muellerâs FBI investigative team induced Sammy âThe Bullâ Gravanoâa man who murdered 19 peopleâto âflipâ and provide evidence to convict John Gotti. After the Boss of the Gambino crime family was put away for life, Muellerâs men enticed the same Gravano to come out of the safety of witness protection and testify again; this time, he said that âThe Chinâ was totally lucid, and his insane behavior had all been an act.
Gigante, like Gotti, was convicted on Gravanoâs testimony, and sentenced to life in prison, where he died.Â Â Mueller and his crack law enforcement professionals — expert in busting up criminal enterprisesâ were thus responsible for ending the reign of two of the most feared mobsters in the United States. Neither the Gambino nor the Genovese crime organizations (members from both of which married into my family) were ever the same again.
InÂ Tightrope: Balancing A Life Between Mario Cuomo & My Brother, I write about the Trump familyâs â incestuous relationship with organized crime,â as the investigative reporter Wayne Barrett described it in his seminal work on the depth of Donald Trumpâs lying and corruption, Trump: The Deals & the Downfall, (December, 1991, Harper Collins, NY, NY.) Trumpâs ties to the Genovese, Gambino, and Scarfo mob families were of great significance to me, since my brother Michael was convicted of being a bag man for John Gotti, while I worked for Governor Mario M. Cuomo of New York.
My brother knew many of the mob guys Trump did business with, and how they joked that they could make the hair of the heir of Fred Trumpâs construction business stand on end, getting whatever they wanted from him. Itâs a lesson that was not lost on Russian mobsters, like Felix Sater, Trumpâs partner in his SoHo hotel, and a number of his wealthy, well-connected oligarch friends. Nor was it a lesson ever ignored by Mueller and his top team of law enforcement officials. Itâs also a lesson that came straight out of New Yorkâs construction industry, where the Trumps made their money.
âIâve never dealt with an industry that has more pervasive corruption than the construction industry,â James F. McNamara, director of former New York City Mayor Edward I. Kochâs Office of Construction Industry Relations told the New York TimesÂ in April 1982.
âWhen I say corruption Iâm using a very broad term. Some of it is labor racketeering. Some of it is political influence. Some of it is bid-rigging; some, extortion,â saidÂ McNamara.
In an extensive story detailing the mobâs influence over New York’ss construction industry, the Times reported:
âOrganized crime figures have infiltrated many important construction unions, from truck drivers to carpenters to blasters. Sixteen of thirty-one union locals in the city that represent laborers, the backbone of any construction job, are described by law enforcement authorities as being under influence of organized crime.â
Many builders and developers throughout the New York metropolitan area, including the Trump Organization, considered it part of the cost of operating in the construction business, and paid whatever extra charges were exacted through organized crimeâs control of the cement and drywall industries, or other aspects of the trades.
In Trump: The Deals and the Downfall, Barrett wrote that Donald Trump met with Genovese crime family boss Anthony âFat Tonyâ Salerno in the apartment of attorney Roy Cohn in 1983. Cohn, hired by Trump ten years earlier, when the Trump Organization was sued by the federal government for racially discriminatory practices in housing, represented Trump as well as Salerno. The meeting between Trump and the Genovese boss occurred only a year after the New York TimesÂ had detailed organized crimeâs stranglehold on New Yorkâs construction industry, denying Trump any alibi that he did not know with whom he was meeting.Â Â Salerno, along with then-Gambino crime family boss Paul Castellano, tightly controlled the city’s concrete industry through their company, S & A Concrete. Cohnâs client listâ built since he moved to New York from Washington, DC in the mid-1950s, following his work as chief counsel to Senator Joseph McCarthy (R-WI) âincluded celebrities, the Studio 54 club, Salerno, Donald Trump and, later, John Gotti.
Barrett, who died the day before Trump was inaugurated as President of the United States, documented that Cohn also represented Trump in meetings with another key New York construction industry player during the 1980âs, convicted labor racketeer John Cody, who was another former associate of my brother Michael.
Cody, at the peak of his power in the mid-1970s through 1982, when he was dealing with Cohn on Trumpâs behalf, was no small operator. As President of Teamster Local 282, Cody controlled 4,000 drivers of delivery trucks in New York City and Long Island. He had the power to bring to a grinding halt the $2.5 billion construction industry, which employed 70,000 people. He could shut down any construction project in New York, including Trump Tower, by pulling out his drivers. Cody told Barrett: âDonald liked to deal with me through Roy Cohn.â Barrett reported that Trump did, however, have to deal directly with John Codyâs girlfriend, Vernia Hixon, to whom Trump gave a sweetheart deal for several apartments, one floor beneath his own penthouse in Trump Tower.
Despite his posturing as a New York power player, Trump cowered in front of John Cody, behaving more like a bagman, than a big man. As recently as last October, Codyâs son Michael told Christopher Dickey and Michael Daly of The Daily BeastÂ Â how Donald gave Cody whatever he wanted: âTrump was a guy who would talk tough, but as soon as you confronted him, he would cry like a little girl. He was all talk, no action.â
Thatâs exactly the opposite of what Trump was telling Billy Bush about how he mistreated women on the now infamous Access Hollywood tape, released the week before Michael Codyâs interview in The Daily Beast andÂ distracting most of the media from Trumpâs crime family connections — which went all the way back to his fatherâs business partnership with Genovese crime family capo Willie Tomasello in the 1950âs. Both Fred Trump and Tomasello were hauled before a Senate committee and questioned about misuse of federal housing funds.
John Cody made sure Trump took good care of his special friend Verina Hixon, who now lived directly under Trumpâs penthouse. The mobster funneled some $500,000 to Hixon for renovations of her apartments, while he was in jail for racketeering and income tax evasion. When Trump balked at fulfilling some of his promises to Codyâs girlfriend, Barrett reported that âCody and Hixon cornered him in a nearby bar and got his agreement.â
“Anything for you, John,â was Hixonâs recollection of Trumpâs comments to John Cody. âAnything for you.â
Trump was so terrified of crossing Cody that at one point, when Cody called Trump from prison to complain about construction problems on Hixonâs apartments, Barrett reported that âTrump greeted him nervously on the phone. “Where are you?â Trump asked. âDownstairs?â
âMy father walked all over Trump.â Michael Cody told The Daily Beast. âAnytime Trump didnât do what he was told, my father would shut down his job for the day. No deliveries. 400 guys sittinâ around.â
To John Cody and his colleagues, Donald Trump was just another puffed-up pasty patsy, who did whatever the mob guys asked.
Indicted by a Brooklyn grand jury on charges of racketeering, extortion, and tax evasion, John Cody was sentenced to five years in prison at the end of 1982. His sentencing judge, Jacob Mishler, was the same federal judge who would sentence my brother Michael to federal prison six years after Codyâs conviction. With Codyâs ability to wield such vast economic power and choke off Trumpâs flow of cash, there was little wonder that Donald Trump asked Roy Cohn to meet with Cody to keep him happy. They were in business with these guys. They had buildings to complete, and fortunes to make. Cooperating with the FBI or federal and state law enforcement officials to clean up the construction trades industry was not in Donald Trumpâs self-interest. Making money was.
âThere are no heroes in this industry in terms of helping law enforcement officers,â Jim McNamara told the Times. Many observers believe that Trump, although he holds the nationâs highest elected office, behaves the same way today toward the Russian mob and its international criminal empire. See no evil, speak no evilâespecially if your business is dependent upon the mobsters under investigation.
There is something eerily familiar about the attacks on the FBI by Trump and his lackeys at Fox News and in Congress. They sound exactly like my brother did, when he was sentenced to prison as a bagman for John Gotti who had never paid income taxes on the illicit money he collected for the crime boss. They sound like my brotherâs former Gambino family associates with their bitter attacks on the âFedsâ and the âfuckinâ govâment.â They all cursed the government and the FBI more intensely as the charges against them became more real, and their prison sentences became a certainty. My brother continued to curse the FBI and the âfuckinâ govâmentâ after he got out of prison–sent there because of solid FBI evidence against him.
Trump was, and still is, a punk-wannabe among punks: an amoral actor doing business with amoral peers. As John Codyâs son observed, and my brotherâs friends demonstrated, they had zero respect for Trump. They knew they could squeeze him for as much as they wanted, since all that mattered to Trump was money. Thatâs a language understood very well by organized crimeâwhatever dialect is spoken by the Gambino, Genovese, Scarfo or Russian criminal enterprises. Itâs also a way of life that Robert Mueller has developed great expertiseâand extraordinary resultsâin holding accountable to the law.
Steve Villano is a journalist, film producer, educator, and consultant who worked as a speechwriter for New York Gov. Mario M. Cuomo and headed his New York City press office. He now lives in northern California.Â