Reflections upon the recent holiday: The first time my wife saw tears in my eyes was in St. Patrickâs Cathedral, Dublin, at the tomb of Jonathan Swift. The brilliant 18th-century Irish satirist was my first and most enduring literary hero, a towering figure who Yeats thought âslept under the greatest epitaph in historyâ â composed by Swift himself.
I knew the Latin by heart, but seeing it engraved in stone moved me, although Swift had been dead since 1745. âIt is almost finer in English,â Yeats wrote, âthan in Latin: âHe has gone where fierce indignation can lacerate his heart no more.ââ
Reading Swift taught me more about Ireland and my Irish-Catholic ancestors than I ever learned at my alcoholic grandfatherâs knee, I can tell you that. An Anglo-Irish churchman who considered himself exiled from London to the city of his birth, Swift condemned British misrule of Ireland in the most memorable satires written in English or any other language.
His 1729 pamphlet âA Modest Proposal for Preventing the Children of Poor People in Ireland from Being a Burden to Their Parentsâ retains the capacity to shock after almost 300 years. Impersonating the ever-so-reasonable voice of a public-spirited reformer of the sort who might today issue proposals from the Heritage Foundation, the narrator advocated genteel cannibalism.
âI rather recommend buying the children alive and dressing them hot from the knife,â he suggested, âas we do roasting pigs.â
Itâs the laconic âratherâ that chills to the marrow, precisely revealing the pamphleteerâs inhumanity.
Swift was certainly no Irish nationalist. A Tory by temperament and conviction, heâd have been appalled by the idea that the islandâs Roman Catholic majority could govern itself. Even so, Professor Leo Damroschâs terrific new biography makes a compelling case that both his voice and his personal example were instrumental to an evolving Irish national consciousness.
I thought of Swiftâs âModest Proposalâ the other day, listening to the ever-so-reasonable Rep. Paul Ryan (R-WI) explain that Americaâs poor have only themselves to blame. âWe have this tailspin of culture, in our inner cities in particular,â Ryan explained, âof men not working and just generations of men not even thinking about working or learning the value and the culture of work.â
Any question who he was talking about? As several commentators have noted, this business about âinner cityâ men not working isn’t so much Republican âdogwhistleâ as GOP air-raid siren.
Ryan has since alibied that heâd been âinarticulateâ and wasn’t trying to implicate âthe culture of one community.â This came soon after a speech in which heâd told a heartfelt tale of a small boy who didn’t want a âfree lunch from a government program,â but a Mommy-made lunch in a brown paper bag that showed somebody cared about him.