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Thursday, February 22, 2018

Supporters of U.S. presidential candidate Donald Trump are more likely to describe African Americans as “criminal,” “unintelligent,” “lazy” and “violent” than voters who backed some Republican rivals in the primaries or who support Democratic contender Hillary Clinton, according to a Reuters/Ipsos opinion poll.

Ahead of the Nov. 8 election to replace Barack Obama, the first black U.S. president, the poll also showed significant numbers of Americans in both the Republican and Democratic parties view blacks more negatively than whites, harbor anxiety about living in diverse neighborhoods and are concerned that affirmative action policies discriminate against whites.

Republicans in the survey expressed these concerns to a greater degree than Democrats, with Trump supporters presenting the most critical views of blacks.

The poll, conducted between March and June, interviewed 16,000 Americans and included 21 questions on attitudes about race. It sought responses from voters who support Trump, the presumptive Republican nominee, Clinton, the presumptive Democratic nominee, and her rival U.S. Senator Bernie Sanders. It also surveyed supporters of U.S. Senator Ted Cruz and Ohio Governor John Kasich, the last two Republican candidates to drop out of the race.

“Mr. Trump is an egalitarian who believes in supporting and protecting all people equally,” said Stephen Miller, Trump’s senior policy adviser, when asked about the poll. “This is a stark contrast to Hillary Clinton, whose policies have been a disaster for African-American and Hispanic citizens.”

A spokesman for Hillary Clinton declined to comment on the poll. (Graphic on racial attitudes of presidential candidates’ supporters http://tmsnrt.rs/294chjP)

 

CHARACTER TRAITS

Nearly half of Trump’s supporters described African Americans as more “violent” than whites. The same proportion described African Americans as more “criminal” than whites, while 40 percent described them as more “lazy” than whites.

In smaller, but still significant, numbers, Clinton backers also viewed blacks more critically than whites with regard to certain personality traits. Nearly one-third of Clinton supporters described blacks as more “violent” and “criminal” than whites, and one-quarter described them as more “lazy” than whites.

Clinton is relying heavily on black voters to help her win the White House, and her victory over Sanders in the early state nominating contests was due in part to her overwhelming lead among African Americans.

When asked about where they wanted to live, 36 percent of Trump supporters said, “I prefer to live in a community with people who come from diverse cultures,” compared with 46 percent of Cruz supporters, 55 percent of Kasich supporters and 70 percent of Clinton supporters.

Trump’s supporters were more likely to be critical of affirmative action policies that favor minorities in school admissions or in hiring.

Some 31 percent of Trump supporters said they “strongly agree” that “social policies, such as affirmative action, discriminate unfairly against white people,” compared with 21 percent of Cruz supporters, 17 percent of Kasich supporters and 16 percent of Clinton supporters.

To be sure, not all Trump supporters expressed negative attitudes about blacks. No more than 50 percent of his supporters rated blacks negatively, relative to whites, on any of the six character traits in the poll.

Yet when their answers to the poll questions were compared with responses from supporters of other candidates, Trump supporters were always more critical of blacks on personality traits, analysis of the results showed.

The trend was consistent in the data, even when the results were filtered to include only white respondents to remove any impact that a different racial mix between Clinton and Trump supporters might play in the poll.

The Trump supporters’ views on affirmative action and neighborhood diversity do not necessarily reflect racial bias alone, said Michael Traugott, a polling expert and professor emeritus at the University of Michigan, who is not publicly supporting either Trump or Clinton. Rather, the results could also suggest anxieties about economic insecurity and social standing.

Trump, whose supporters are mostly white, has promised to return manufacturing jobs to the United States, crack down on illegal immigration and pull out of global trade deals that he says have hurt American workers.

“The support for Trump is indicative of the support for the type of policies he is advocating,” said Lawrence Brown, a professor at Morgan State University in Baltimore who writes about racism and has supported Sanders.

Obama said in May that U.S. race relations have improved over the last three decades but that significant work still needs to be done.

The issue of race has assumed great political prominence over the past two years, amid countrywide protests over police treatment of African Americans, economic disparity between blacks and whites, and court challenges to affirmative action and voting rights.

 

TRUMP FANS VS. CLINTON SUPPORTERS

The Reuters/Ipsos poll asked people to grade whites and blacks on a series of personal traits. The results were then analyzed to compare how each respondent rated whites with how they rated blacks.

In nearly every case, Trump supporters were more likely to rate whites higher than blacks when their responses were compared with responses from Clinton supporters.

For example, 32 percent of Trump supporters placed whites closer to the top level of “intelligence” than they did blacks, compared with 22 percent of Clinton supporters who did the same.

About 40 percent of Trump supporters placed whites higher on the “hardworking” scale than blacks, while 25 percent of Clinton supporters did the same. And 44 percent of Trump supporters placed whites as more “well mannered” than blacks, compared with 30 percent of Clinton supporters.

The online poll, which surveyed people over the age of 18 across the United States, was conducted during two periods in the 2016 election cycle.

The first ran three weeks in March and April, while Cruz and Kasich were still competing with Trump for the Republican nomination. The second polling period covered nearly four weeks in May and June, after Kasich and Cruz had dropped out.

 

(Editing by Paul Thomasch and Ross Colvin)

Photo: Republican U.S. presidential candidate Donald Trump speaks during a campaign rally at the Treasure Island Hotel & Casino in Las Vegas, Nevada June 18, 2016.   REUTERS/David Becker/Files

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Copyright 2016 The National Memo

4 Responses to Trump Supporters More Likely To View Blacks Negatively — Reuters/Lpsos Poll

  1. Now that the hive of racists has become fully agitated and its “bees” are ready to strike out and sting any and all who don’t look white or are of a minority group, it’s more instructive if we concentrate on the nature of the illness and its genesis rather than be distracted by such false dichotomies of White and Black, American or non-American, etc.

    The fact that such ephemeral qualities of white skin and dark skin are clearly evident in the phenomenal world and we shouldn’t deny this, but skin color is only an outer trappings which have no bearing on the inner reality of human beings—a reality which Baha’u’llah concentrates the thrust of His attention in His numerous Tablets, Laws, and exhortations. Such Writings of His have as their central axis “The Oneness of Humankind”. This axis wasn’t as evident in previous Religious dispensations due to a lesser stage of spiritual development—what was previously emphasized in accordance with the capacities of humans then were the importance of unity of family, followed by a unity of a larger aggregate—the tribe, then another stage of unity embracing the notion of a city-state, and at the end of the Cycle was the influence which Islam put forth and by a certain Wisdom was expanded on by Christianity, that is, the concept of a nation and a need for unity on that level.

    Well, it’s clear that we need to go beyond the unity within a nation and expand to the highest level, namely the Unity of Humankind

    The attractiveness of a simplistic model to explain a troubled group’s insecurities as proposed by ultra-nationalist sentiments in Europe and America has emboldened many “whites” to express what once was cloaked, and Trump and the GOP by and large have provided the incentive to be bold in displaying the depth of the pernicious disease of hate with all its ancillary byproducts—racism, ethnic bigotry, and religious intolerance for example.

    Trump, the GOP in general, the Brexit supporters, Islamic fundamentalists, and the like, are easily seduced to embrace such nihilistic sentiments.

    If we think for now about the phenomenon of skin color, we see that through the complementary assessment afforded to all intelligent beings by both the Writings of Baha’u’llah as outlined in the mid-19th Century and the findings from a combination of research in molecular biology, genomics, anthropology, and similar disciplines, the conversations and disputes regarding one group’s assertion of its superiority over another is based on myths and superstitions that aren’t supported by the sciences or by Religion. The story of the curse of Ham in Genesis is a metaphor which has been twisted and retold by the dominant groups in the Judaeo-Christian-Islamic Sphere to justify the inhumane treatment of others, and via different stories in other traditions; likewise, the ramblings of certain so-called commentators in Islam who have written volumes of misguided interpretations in trying to explain why humans have different outer appearances have been used to exalt one’s group over others.

    This urge to form hierarchies is a trait implanted in the human condition to test our abilities to recognize the Oneness of Humanity—- this trait and sentiment is sometimes referred to as the “Minimum Group Paradigm”.

    The racialist musings of deficient philosophers such as Locke, Hume, Voltaire, Rousseau, as well as the heartless and cold assessment that the poor in the midst of British society, e.g. the Irish, should be allowed to die as put forward by the Protestant cleric Thomas Malthus in the mid-19th Century, are some of the outcomes of the anti-Christian sentiments that had their genesis in Europe by the group of Modern Humans out of Africa who settled there.

    The writings and pronouncements of such philosophers, clerics, and later the pseudo-sciences promoted by the likes of Shockley and the eugenecists of his era and previously, followed by such as Arthur Jensen, Herrnstein, Murray, in recent times have poisoned the minds of those Africans whose skin pigmentation took on a pale hue in order to better absorb sunlight at higfher latitudes in manufacture Vitamin D and as a result of needing less of a natural sunscreen to protect against UV radiation at such latitudes compared to the necessity to maintain the darker complexion near the equatorial belt.

    In anticipation of the evolution in the thinking and perceptions of humans as they migrated across the planet, the Prophets have been preparing those communities They appeared in in a gradual manner to the point where a stage of Maturity is reached, thus making humanity potentially better prepared to respond to Baha’u’llah’s Message.

    An interesting site that explores how the Baha’i Community has been carefully nurtured and educated via Baha’u’llah’s Message can be seen at a web site
    http://bahaiteachings.org/universal-emancipation-proclamation.

    Perchance, the information therein will shed some clarity on this phenomenon of hate that has been slowly building up for centuries and has come to a boil.

    Just my unofficial musing.

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