Washington (AFP) – The U.S. Congress passed a massive, long-overdue bill Tuesday that overhauls agriculture policy, including halting direct payments to farmers.
The five-year $956.4 billion measure, which also reforms the food stamp program for the poor to save $8 billion, marks a rare point of cooperation among bitterly divided lawmakers.
It passed the Senate 68-32, with broad bipartisan support after easily clearing the House of Representatives last week.
It now heads to the White House for the signature of President Barack Obama, who hailed the compromise measure as one that will “create new jobs and opportunities, and protect the most vulnerable Americans.”
While noting the bill was not perfect, Obama said it “provides certainty to America’s farmers and ranchers, and contains a variety of commonsense reforms that my administration has consistently called for, including reforming and eliminating direct farm subsidies and providing assistance for farmers when they need it most.”
The bill’s passage ends a nearly three-year battle over agriculture policy. Complex negotiations nearly collapsed twice in the past year, and conservatives in the House managed to split the bill into separate pieces, including one that slashed $40 billion from the food stamp program.
That measure passed the Republican-led House but died in the Senate, and the eventual compromise made far gentler cuts to food stamps.
“It’s been a long journey,” a relieved Senator Debbie Stabenow, the Democratic chairwoman of the Senate Agriculture Committee who helped broker the deal with House Republicans, told reporters.
She called the legislation “a major bipartisan jobs bill” that helps expand U.S. food exports, broaden conservation efforts that safeguard U.S. lands and water resources, mitigate rancher and farmer risks, and ensure a safety net for millions of needy families.
Among its key provisions is the abolition of a decades-old program that pays some $5 billion per year in subsidies directly to farmers, regardless of whether or not they suffer crop losses or even plant crops.
Most of the savings from scrapping that controversial policy will now go directly into a new crop insurance program aimed at helping growers in times of crisis.