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Sunday, October 23, 2016

WASHINGTON — Scotland’s referendum on independence will be decided by voters whose hearts say yes but whose heads say no.

This is why the energy of the campaign in one of the most consequential democratic consultations in history has been with the Yes side. Passion, imagination and hope are always more inspiring than reason, calculation and doubt. That will make Thursday’s result close, but it’s also why Scotland is likely to choose to remain part of the United Kingdom.

I know all of this because I would be one of those swing voters.

My affection for Scottish nationalism came to life 40 years ago in Glasgow’s Govan neighborhood thanks to an extraordinary woman named Margo MacDonald. Govan was the sort of place outsiders would describe as a slum, a collection of empty lots, half-abandoned buildings and decaying business districts. It was, said the then 30-year-old MacDonald, “the most desolate part of Glasgow.” But it was also a neighborhood with a deep sense of community feeling, a place, she said, where “the people have still not given up.”

Just a few months earlier, MacDonald had electrified Britain by winning a by-election for the Scottish National Party in one of the Labour Party’s safest seats in the country. “You could put a donkey up in Govan, and if it had a Labour button on him, he’d win,” a local politician said.

MacDonald made donkeys of the complacent local Labour folk. A towering woman who had studied to be a physical education teacher and worked as a barmaid (or “publican,” as the newspapers would put it), she was as rousing a campaigner as I have ever met.

She’d pull up to vast public housing estates, stand on the back of a flatbed truck and bellow up to the hundreds of windows. Slowly, faces would appear to hear her preach the nationalist gospel, rooted in a condemnation of both the Labour and Conservative parties and their indifference to the neighborhood’s travails. And she’d always close with a resounding cry. “Vote for yourselves!” she’d shout. “Vote for Govan!” I wish I could properly render her Lanarkshire accent.

MacDonald lost that election by just 543 votes but went on to an exemplary career, eventually ending up in the Scottish Parliament as an independent. No party, not even the Scot Nats, could contain this free spirit, who died in April at the age of 70.

I encountered MacDonald in February 1974 when I was a graduate student in Britain. Prime Minister Edward Heath had called an election and my friend Bud Sheppard and I traveled by bus, train and occasionally our thumbs to learn about British politics from the ground up.

One of the things I learned is why the Scottish Nationalists have come so close to achieving independence. There’s a sometimes harshly negative aspect to their argument against Tory Britain. But behind the resentment is an alluring vision of Scotland, certainly one of the world’s loveliest places, as a social democratic paradise, an English- and Gaelic-speaking extension of Scandinavia. Its people would exercise power over their own affairs (“Vote for yourselves!”) free from the dictates of a posh London that knows not what places like Govan have gone through.

Yet in the campaign’s final days, the very finality of separation has kicked in. This is the Yes side’s Achilles’ heel. And the No activists, with major help from former Prime Minister Gordon Brown, have finally found reasons of the heart to bolster the doubts of the head — about debt and currency and how Scotland would fare on its own in a pitiless global economy.

On Wednesday, Brown, a Scot who shares in his bones the sentiments of his people about comradeship and social justice, gave the speech of his life in Glasgow pleading for union. “This is a decision that cannot be reversed or undone,” he declared. “This is a decision from which there is no going back.”

“The vote tomorrow is not about whether Scotland is a nation. We are — yesterday, today, and tomorrow,” Brown insisted. “The vote tomorrow is whether you want to break and sever every link. … What we have built together, by sacrificing and sharing, let no narrow nationalism split asunder, ever.”

The best Scottish values I saw long ago in Margo MacDonald’s ferocious advocacy on behalf of the left-out people of Govan are the values that Brown spoke for in his closing argument. My hunch is that Scotland will, with some wistful doubts, choose Brown’s expansive definition of solidarity.

E.J. Dionne’s email address is [email protected] Twitter: @EJDionne.

AFP Photo/Leon Neal

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  • j.martindale

    What scares me is that if the Labour Party in England lost the Scottish liberal vote, that would make England a Tory country for a long time. Right wing politicians would ruin England without a significant challenge on the left.

    • FireBaron

      England lost the “left” numerous times.
      1. Liberal Party failed in the early days of WW1. Churchill switched teams jumping from the Liberal to the now-ruling Conservative party. Conservative party ruled until the end of WW1. Coalition of Liberal/Labor took control in the 1920s.
      2. Labor ousted in 1939 after the infamous “peace in our time” speech was proven false. Conservative party took control an kept power until right after VE Day.
      3. Labor took power and swapped back and forth with Conservatives until the early 1980s.
      4. 1980s to 90s – Margaret Thatcher and John Major held Conservative power for better than a decade.
      5. Tony Blair with “New Labor” won.
      6. Conservatives back and forth with Labor in a see saw.

      • j.martindale

        But as I understand it, there is virtually no chance of a liberal majority in Great Britain’s parliament without the Scottish vote. Admittedly the liberal element (particularly under the dreadful administration of Blair) was not much to speak of, England run by the Tories of Thatcher’s ilk for decades to come is a horrific prospect.

  • Paul Bass

    I have no dog in this fight, I admit. But to me with Scot/Irish heritage, it comes down to this (to which I’m bound to be flamed…)
    Vote NO, if you want to be in a more stable union/country.
    Vote YES, if you want to get rid of the bastards who’ve been raping you for over 300 years.

  • Elliot J. Stamler

    First of all it is none of our American business for which position the Scots vote. How would we like it if we had a secession election and they butted in with their opinion? For example let’s say somehow we had a national election over Texas’s desire to secede. I wouldn’t want the Scots interfering. I want only my fellow Americans to decide…especially in my own organization: THE LET THE LOUDMOUTHS LEAVE CAMPAIGN.

  • pisces63

    I love history. Especially English/British. There is so much of ot and so many varied places and tangents it takes you to. This isn’t the same thing but it makes me think of Jacobites and their rally around Bonnie Prince Charlie Stuart for the throne of England against the Hanovarions which ended at Culloden Moor on April 16, 1746 against The Hanovarions led by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland. The jacobites lost 1.500 to 2.000 and the crown, 50. Voting is infinitely better. Plus they are not forbidden the wearin’ of the plaid or playin’ of the pipes as they were after the Jacobite uprising.